WEDNESDAY, Might 5, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — Practically one in 4 American teenagers has suffered a minimum of one concussion, in accordance with new analysis.
And although extra teenagers are self-reporting sports-related concussions, visits to the emergency room for these traumatic head injuries fell between 2012 and 2018.
“One cause that might clarify why adolescents who take part in sports activities noticed a rise in self-reported concussion may very well be because of higher consciousness of most of these accidents,” mentioned examine creator Philip Veliz. He’s an assistant analysis professor on the College of Michigan College of Nursing, in Ann Arbor.
For the examine, his group checked out almost 53,000 college students in grades 8, 10 and 12, and located that self-reported concussions rose between 2016 and 2020. Particularly, in 2016, 19.5% of teenagers mentioned they’d skilled a minimum of one concussion; by 2020 that quantity had risen to 24.6%, the findings confirmed.
“Self-reported concussions may very well be rising provided that each kids and fogeys have higher data with respect to those accidents,” Veliz mentioned. “We’ve got seen a higher effort within the U.S. to coach the inhabitants relating to the dangers related to head accidents, and will have higher data with respect to signs related to most of these accidents.”
Self-reported concussion, nonetheless, didn’t enhance throughout all teams. There was no enhance, as an example, amongst teenagers who didn’t take part in sports activities.
Veliz mentioned these new findings don’t contradict research based mostly on emergency division information which have reported a decline in most of these accidents.
“Extra adolescents could also be in search of look after these accidents, together with care from well being professionals exterior the emergency division who’ve applicable prognosis and administration abilities,” Veliz defined.
The U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention describes a concussion as a kind of mind damage that occurs when a blow to the pinnacle or physique causes the pinnacle and mind to maneuver quickly backwards and forwards, inflicting modifications within the mind.
Whereas they might not be life-threatening, concussions can nonetheless be severe. Signs could embrace a headache, neck pain, nausea, ringing in the ears, dizziness or tiredness. Extra severe signs embrace convulsions or seizures, an lack of ability to get up and lack of consciousness, in accordance with the U.S. Nationwide Library of Drugs.
Main sports activities organizations, together with these governing youth sports activities in the USA, have taken steps to cut back concussion danger in recent times.
Veliz mentioned it is crucial, with the rise in stories of teenage concussions, for the general public to concentrate on these accidents and the very best methods to stop and deal with them.
“Concussions look like a standard damage amongst adolescents. Roughly one in 4 have indicated such a damage,” Veliz mentioned. “Continued efforts to coach the inhabitants on each the chance and administration of those accidents ought to nonetheless stay a precedence because it pertains to adolescent well being.”
Dr. Teresa Murray Amato, head of emergency medication at Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills in New York Metropolis, reviewed the findings. She mentioned extra consciousness of concussion amongst teen athletes is vital for retaining wholesome.
“It’s unclear if the precise variety of concussions are rising or if elevated training and consciousness of what concussion symptoms are results in elevated self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.
She famous that many college districts are educating college students and fogeys in regards to the hazard of not reporting signs.
“As we study extra about long-term uncomfortable side effects of childhood concussions, you will need to monitor each will increase within the variety of concussions in addition to self-reporting,” Amato mentioned.
Reporting concussions could result in improvement of the way to maintain athletes in tip-top form, she added.
“Elevated self-reporting might also assist public well being officers and faculty officers create safeguards to maintain pupil athletes as wholesome as attainable whereas partaking in organized sports activities that could be at a excessive danger of concussions,” Amato mentioned.
The findings have been revealed Might 4 within the Journal of the American Medical Affiliation.
The researchers confused that continued efforts to watch and stop concussion are wanted. One limitation of the examine was use of self-reported measures of concussion, they famous.
To study extra about concussion, go to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
SOURCES: Philip Veliz, PhD, assistant analysis professor, College of Michigan College of Nursing, Ann Arbor; Teresa Murray Amato, MD, chairwoman, emergency medication, Lengthy Island Jewish Forest Hills, New York Metropolis; Journal of the American Medical Affiliation, Might 4, 2021