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He Led Hitler’s Secret Police in Austria. Then He Spied for the West.


The Nazi leaders constructing that pressure wanted skilled cops, mentioned Michael Holzmann, the son of an Austrian Nazi who has for a few years been researching the actions of the Gestapo in that nation. “Huber seized this chance and turned from just a little investigator right into a most profitable chief of the Gestapo terror regime in former Austria,” he mentioned.

In March 1938, after Germany annexed Austria, Huber was made the Gestapo chief of a very powerful a part of the nation, together with Vienna, the capital. Shortly after, the Gestapo started an intensive hunt for dissidents in Austria, and Huber gave orders “to arrest instantly undesirable, significantly criminally motivated Jews and switch them to the focus camp Dachau.” A number of days later, the primary two transports of Jews left Vienna for the camp, with many extra to comply with.

Huber remained in his submit till the tip of the struggle, being given increasingly personnel and authority. Throughout that point, 70,000 Austrian Jews who weren’t capable of depart the nation have been murdered, near 40 % of the unique neighborhood, whereas their property was looted by the Nazis.

Eichmann confirmed at his trial that he was concerned within the deportation of Jews however refused to plead responsible to genocide, saying, “I didn’t have another possibility than to comply with the orders I acquired.”

Huber took a distinct method. Chatting with an official of the Nuremberg struggle crimes tribunal in 1948 — who interviewed him as a witness, not a suspect — he mentioned he had recognized nothing concerning the extermination till the tip of 1944, when his deputy advised him one thing imprecise.

“However the historic proof paints a very totally different image,” says Prof. Moshe Zimmerman, a historian and Holocaust scholar on the Hebrew College of Jerusalem. “Eichmann might have been a face extra acquainted to the Jewish neighborhood, however the one who shared duty for finishing up the fear in opposition to the Jews, their assortment, their compelled boarding on the trains and their deportation to the camps, was the police and the Gestapo below Huber.”