Home News This Firm Displays Prisoners In Xinjiang. It Gained An “Innovation” Award At...

This Firm Displays Prisoners In Xinjiang. It Gained An “Innovation” Award At An Occasion Sponsored By Amazon.


With an Amazon emblem behind him and luminaries from Shanghai’s booming enterprise capital scene in entrance of him, the manager onstage delivered his pitch. His firm, Renwei Electronics, helps authorities in China monitor prisoners and detainees — alerting guards to their actions and even becoming them with coronary heart price displays.

Renwei deploys its “sensible jail” system in China’s Xinjiang area, the place greater than 1 million Muslim minorities have been locked up.

But this didn’t intervene with the nice and cozy welcome for Renwei at an occasion cohosted by an Amazon-backed “joint innovation center” in November. Occasion organizers gave Renwei’s govt a platform to ship an “investor highway present”–fashion speech to a few of China’s most prestigious buyers. And Renwei obtained a “product innovation award” recognizing it as certainly one of six “excellent entrepreneurial corporations.”

Despatched an in depth listing of questions, Amazon declined to touch upon the document. Renwei didn’t reply to a request for remark.

A rising listing of multinational firms are beneath stress to maneuver their provide chains away from Xinjiang, amid mounting proof of mass detention and forced labor there, as a part of what the US and different nations have lately known as a genocide. Congress is contemplating a invoice banning imports from Xinjiang tainted by compelled labor, and US customs have already banned merchandise made out of tomatoes and cotton within the area, amongst different items.

Amazon shut down its e-commerce enterprise in China in 2019, however different components of its sprawling empire nonetheless work with Chinese language prospects, together with its extremely worthwhile cloud computing subsidiary, Amazon Internet Providers.

AWS runs the joint innovation heart with native Shanghai authorities and enterprise organizations. The middle boosts startups by offering them with AWS cloud sources and tech help, and by serving to them purchase expertise and adjust to authorities rules, based on an ad for the event. It’s unclear what advantages, if any, that Renwei and different corporations that gained awards obtained. The middle’s web site emphasizes that the businesses it helps additionally profit from Amazon’s sources and popularity.

Horizon Advisory, a Washington, DC–primarily based geopolitical advisory agency, first made notice of Renwei’s award and the Amazon occasion in analysis it shared with BuzzFeed Information.

Renwei’s expertise has been used in prisons throughout China, together with at Zhongjiazhuang Jail, situated close to the town of Shihezi. The jail is administered by the highly effective Xinjiang Manufacturing and Building Corps, a paramilitary and governmental group that the US positioned sanctions on final yr, citing its ties to human rights abuses within the area.

Google Earth

A satellite tv for pc photograph of the jail in Shawan County

BuzzFeed Information situated the jail in Xinjiang’s Shawan County utilizing satellite tv for pc imagery. An official photo of the jail posted in 2016 exhibits a rounded entrance gate in elaborate ironwork and a lion statue to the left of the doorway. Behind the gate, a highway leads as much as a two- to three-story constructing. A white wall and a row of bushes run alongside the highway. A Google Earth picture exhibits the gate’s shadow solid on the bottom, a light-colored object about 2.5 meters excessive that seems to match the lion statue, and the identical east-west wall and line of bushes. The roof of the constructing within the background additionally matches the {photograph}.

The Chinese language authorities has compelled upwards of 1,000,000 Muslim minorities, together with Uyghurs, Kazakhs, Hui Muslims, and others into mass internment camps prior to now 4 years. A BuzzFeed Information investigation final yr found the federal government had dramatically escalated its marketing campaign since 2017, constructing a whole bunch of recent compounds bearing the hallmarks of internment camps and prisons. Dozens of individuals previously detained there described abuse, deprivation, and routine humiliation inside, starting from overcrowding and meals deprivation to beatings and even torture. The federal government says the internment camp system is for “transformation by training,” and deradicalizing extremists.

Authorities knowledge analyzed by the New York Instances shows that Xinjiang’s jail inhabitants has additionally ballooned throughout this time — the area accounted for 21% of the nation’s whole arrests for simply 2% of the inhabitants in 2017. Muslim minorities make up about half of Xinjiang’s inhabitants. China’s Communist Occasion–managed courts convict greater than 99% of defendants, based on authorities knowledge.

Prisons in lots of components of the world, together with the USA, use data-driven techniques to watch and management prisoners. However in Xinjiang, the federal government’s marketing campaign specifically targets ethnic minorities by detaining them over non secular practices, connections to household overseas, or different habits seen as suspect or threatening to the state.

Renwei describes its system as “an vital platform for digital prisons to enhance their administration capabilities by info expertise.” It makes use of picture processing, knowledge encryption, cloud computing, and “huge knowledge” to arrange a “personnel positioning system” that may be monitored remotely, the company says. The information is funneled right into a centralized platform that authorities can use for “administration decision-making.”

Renwei says that this improves effectivity, and helps jail workers “obtain new concepts of preemptive prevention, mid-incident management and post-incident verification.” An early warning system alerts when police are attacked, Renwei says, and when detainees enter areas forbidden to them. Prisoners will be fitted with digital gadgets that monitor their coronary heart charges and different very important indicators to “scale back the chance to legislation enforcement.” The system helps stop folks from escaping or killing themselves, Renwei says.

Excessive-tech surveillance is a trademark of life in Xinjiang’s camps and prisons. Greater than two dozen folks previously detained there have told BuzzFeed News that they had been monitored in actual time by cameras that had been positioned within the corners of their cells and even within the loos. Guards might punish them for tiny infractions, like talking their native language as a substitute of Mandarin Chinese language.

Renwei has additionally obtained recognition from China’s home safety service, the Ministry of Public Safety. The corporate featured at a ministry promotional convention attended by the division’s vice minister and different authorities officers.

Amazon Joint Innovation Heart / By way of tunefulcloud.com

The Renwei govt onstage on the Amazon occasion on Nov. 16, 2020

Along with Shanghai enterprise capitalists, the viewers on the Nov. 16, 2020 Amazon event included executives from multinational giants corresponding to Siemens and Kone Elevators, according to a press release in regards to the occasion.

Onstage, the Renwei govt spent about 11 minutes flipping by a PowerPoint presentation that walked by every facet of the enterprise, noting that the system could possibly be used not solely in prisons, but in addition in detention facilities. On the finish, he seemed towards the buyers and requested for his or her questions. ●

Correction: An earlier model of this put up incorrectly acknowledged that the Renwei govt onstage thanked the Shanghai-Amazon Joint Innovation Heart for its help.